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  • 北京家教_高考英语完形填空解题技巧

  • 发布时间:2022-09-23发布人:北京家教网浏览次数:3561次
  • 历年高考英语完形填空高频词汇总结


    1“看”    look看的动作/ see看的结果;  watch观察/observe为了研究进行的观察; Notice注意catch sight of看见/       stare好奇地看/ glare瞪着看

               Glance瞅见/glimpse瞥见大学生家教       see a film  watch TV

    2“说”  telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth告诉的内容   talk with sb about sth强调说话者之间的交流   Say sth诉说的内容  speak in English说的语言 whisper sth to sb 耳语        Inform sb of sth 通知某人某事  reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事  Bargain讨价还价   chat聊天   repeat重复  explain解释  warn警告 remind提醒 Discuss 讨论debate辩论  figure 指出declare宣布 claim自称 mention 提起  admit 承认deny 否绝 describe描述 announce 公布 introduce 介绍complain抱怨 

    3“叫”  cry哭叫  call叫  shout大喊  scream尖叫  moan呻吟  sigh叹气 quarrel大吵  

    4“问”  ask 询问 interview 采访 express表达  question审问

    5“答”  answer回答  respond回应(用其他方式回应)  reply回复  

    6 “听” listen to听的动作  hear听的结果  pick up收听  overhear无意听到 

    7“写”  dictate听写  write sth 写 describe描写  drop a line 写信 draw画  

    take down/write down写下,记下大学生家教

    8“拿/放” take拿走  bring拿来  hold举着  carry扛,挑 (无方向性) fetch拿来拿去  lift  Put放 lay 铺/放置  pull拉/push推 

    9“抓”   take hold of 抓着 seize紧抓  grasp 握住  scratch 抠

    10“打” hit一次性的打击  beat不间断的打击  strike突然的击打/突然想到  blow吹刮  


    11“扔” throw扔  drop掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake摇

    12“送” send寄送  deliver递送  give  offer 主动给予 see off给某人送行

    13“摸/抱” touch摸 /fold折叠   /embrace拥抱 / hug抱/hold 握    in one’s arms

    14“踢/碰” kick踢/knock敲/ tip 轻敲

    15“行”  walk  run  climb  jump  skip 单腿跳 slip溜 come/go  enter进入 move搬迁 drive开车 ride 骑fly    crawl 匍匐前进

    16“坐”  sit down  be seated  seat oneself  take a seat/ stand,耸立/ lean斜靠

    17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach  stay in bed  have a rest      take a nap打盹  be asleep  bend  turn over翻身  rest

    18“笑” smile 微笑(不出声)  laugh  burst into laughter  burst out laughing   

    19“哭”  cry  shed tears 留泪  weep呜咽地哭  sob抽泣  burst into tears  /burst out crying

    20“找/查” find找到  look for正在找过程  find out查明  discover/explore 发现/探索

      hunt for  search for  seek  / seek for     in search of寻找   Search sb 搜身   search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地

            Check检查,核实  examine 考察发现问题/体检 test检测,检验  inspect视察

    21“穿”   put on 动作 wear穿戴 have on试穿  be dressed in 穿的状态 make-up化装 

    get changed换衣服  be in red    Take off  脱 remove 去除

    22“吃/喝” eat/drink  sip吮吸  have a meal  have supper  toast  taste

     treat sb to请某人吃    help oneself to 随便吃

    23“得”  get  obtain  acquire获得知识和技能  gain  possess

    24“失”  lose 丢了 be lost  /be missing人错过失踪,不见  gone不见(物)   great loss   die   die off相继死去   die away 逐渐消失

    25“有”  have   有  own是自己的  conquer征服  occupy占有=possess    

    26“无” nothing left    the remaining thing    disappear   be  missing /gone

    27“增/减”    rise / go up /drop                   

    人主动抬价  raise /bring down /reduce  increase/decrease

    28“买/卖” buy  purchase  afford  pay   pay off  pay for  sell  on sale  bargain

            Bill /   cheque /   cash/  credit card  notes/ coins  discounts

    29“存在/消失”come into being  exist  appear  survive   live  show  turn up

                   Disappear die   die out   pass away  be out of sight

    30“变化” develop  improve  become  grow   go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without negative adj. turn + colour  change /change into    reform

    31“认识的过程”feel  sense  guess  suppose  wonder  doubt  know /learn realize

    Understand   remember   be familiar with   recall  recite  apply  to

    32“成功/失败”make it  succeed  make progress  come true  realize one’s dream  win

                 Lose   fail to do   failure  defeat  suffer loss beat  turn sth. Into reality

    33“努力” try /manage  make efforts  attempt  do ones best  do as much as one can to do

    34祝贺  congratulations on sb  celebrate  observe 庆祝 get together 聚会

    35赞美/批评 praise  think highly of /   blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame    

    criticize /scold sb. for sth.   have a low opinion of sb     Speak ill of

    36/  like  love  be fond of  be keen on  be crazy about  adore  be into  prefer enjoy  in favor of    Dislike   hate  be  awful/disgusting    ignore  turn off

    37判断  think  believe  consider  find  feel  conclude  infer  doubt

    38到达 arrive at   reach   return to   get to   stay in sp   visit   leave  leave for  

    on one’s way to   upon one’s arrival  on doing sth

    39受伤 hurt  injured  wound  cut  kill  drown  bleed  get burnt  suffer from

    suffer a loss

    40损坏 damage  destroy  ruin  break down   be broken  crash

    41修复  repair  rebuild  restore  fix     recover oneself

    42支持/反对 agree  disagree  accept  receive   refuse  turn down

     be against  elect   vote for/ against

    43 做饭  cook  wash  cut  chop  boil  fry  steam  make  mix  clean  brush  cover uncover  cooker

    44 建议 advise  suggest  recommend  urge  propose  demand      persuade 说服

    45 花费  sth/doing sth+cost   sb+spend+ in doing sth   Sb+afford +n/to do sth  

    It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth    sb+ pay+$ for sth.  at one’s expense

    46 /存钱  save /save up  set aside  put  away   spare no effort/ time  

    47 参加  take part in    join /join in    attend  compete in/ for/against

    48控告 accuse sb. of     charge sb. With   

    49 救治 help /help out   save /rescue sb from sth.  Treat过程 / cure 结果sb. Of sth

          Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth  help sb with sth  assist sb in doing sth

    50敬佩 admire  respect  show respect for/to  adore  envy /be jealousy  in honor of

    51逃避   ran away   escape from   flee  hide

    52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth   forbid doing sth.  Ban  prohibit

    53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth    solve  settle

    54 效仿   copy  imitate  learn from  learn

    54 爆发/发生  come about  happen to  take place  break out  

    burst out  go off  explosion

    55安装/装备     fasten  fix  set  equip   

    be armed with 用什么武装  be equipped with装备有 

    56 追求 pursuit  ran after  seek after  chase  catch up with赶上  keep up with跟上

    57 想/考 think of 考虑/+as把什么看成 think about想起  consider  

    think over仔细考虑  be concerned 担心  be  considerate  towards sb.

    58 打算  plan / intend / design to do  be going to do /be about to do /will do

    59 似乎/好象  seem  appear look like  as if  as though

    60 开办/关闭 open  start  set up  close/close up  end  close down


    1假期vacation holiday  spring break  ask for leave  be on holiday  have two days off

    2旅游 trip journey  tour voyage travel tourist passenger  go camping/picnicking/hiking

    3职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess

               Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher

               Conductor   tailor sailor inventor gardener guard

    4餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn  restaurant  kitchen  menu  bill  order  tip  fork and knife  reserve /book table   Taste delicious  salad  dash  vegetables  fruit  tray  napkin

    5诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature  take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache  doctor physician  surgeon  specialist  patient

    6车站/机场    airport  on board  miss the train/bus  catch a train  meet sb.

    7身体部位  arm  head  hair  brain  waist  back  shoulder  pulse  wrist

    8意志    will courage patience determination faith  effort  confidence  ambition energy

    9才能/品质  talent gift ability  potential  intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud

              Strict  honest  cold  serious  easy-going  learned  knowledgeable 

    10优缺点 advantage  disadvantage  strength  weakness

    11目标   aim  goal  intention  purpose  belief  faith

    12方式 means  method  way  manner  approach

    13身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill  be well  keep slim/ fit  cut weight/put on weight  

    14图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph  pie chart  draw a sketch 划草图

    15文章 reading  translation essay poem paper novel/fiction  article magazine newspaper  journal 日志 diary日记  Files   form  make a list of

    16课堂class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree

           Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment  marks

    17 学校活动 match  game  activity  hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony

    18建议/观点 advice  suggestion  idea  proposal  view recommandation

    19气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth  

    20交通  by train/bus /boat bike  on the train/bus /a bike  drive a car  ride a bike  

     give sb. a lift/ride

    21习惯 habit  custom  get used to  regular有规律的(形容词)  practice惯例(名词)

    22感觉  sight  hearing  touch  smell  sense

    23情感  feeling  emotion  anger   delight  sadness  sorrow

    24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond  be rich/well-off

    25 运动比赛 on the playground   on the track and filed  pitch  event  game  match  sports player   Coach  judge  jogging  weightlifting  play volleyball/soccer/

    26衣服   clothes, cloth, clothingclothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of

    27事件  incident, accident incident指小事件, accident指不幸的事故



     乐happy  delighted  to one’s joy  pleased  amused

    悲 sad  unhappy  painful  bitter

    平静 calm  quiet  silent/still  peaceful

    烦bother  bored  be fed up with  

    震惊 surprised  astonished  shocked  /amazed  

    怕  in fear  be frightened /scared /afraid

    失望desperate  disappointed  hopeless  be depressed

    满意be satisfied  with /be content to do  

    生气 Annoyed  angry  disgusting  burst into rage

    2 表程度的副词类

     narrowly/  Nearly/ almost    hardly/ hard   extremely/ very   very/ quite

     Accidently/ once in a while   occasionaly/ once    far / by far

     Farther/ further   better/ worse  be well/ good  however/ therefore/so/thus



    Run/ manage        grow/ plant     leave/remain   fit/ suit/ match  

    Hit/ beat/strike      meet/ satisfy    touch /feel     play /performer

      Contain/ hold /seat/ fill   lie/sit/locate   help/work/ do

    Fall/ sink/ drop       matter/ problem /trouble/    money/ account

     Cause/ reason      that’s why/ that’s because   because/ since,as/ for

    Last/ continue      keep/ stay/   treat/ cure/ operate   separate/ divide

    Stand/ bear/tolerate/hold     turn/become/go  change/vary/range

    Provide/supply/offer/ give/send   


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